Dear Student,

Welcome to Spartan Tutorials!

Our mission at Spartan Tutorials is to help you achieve a great career in life sciences. As you know, India has several world-class institutions conducting research in life sciences. These include Indian Institute of Science (IISc), IITs, CSIR laboratories, and various govt. and private universities.

To enter these prestigious institutes, there are different entrance examinations conducted throughout the year. These are highly competitive exams, with many LAKHS of bright, motivated candidates like you, and only a few HUNDRED seats! Some of these examinations are:

  • CSIR-NET JRF Examination
  • ICMR-JRF Examination
  • BARC-OCES Examination
  • IIT-JAM for M.Sc. Courses
  • JNU Entrance Examination

You are also aware that the syllabus of these examinations is very wide, with a broad range of subjects covering all aspects of life sciences. Just take a look at syllabus for CSIR-NET examination. It is 11 pages long SYLLABUS!! Also, you have to prepare for these examinations while also doing your regular studies. This is the reason why many students feel FRUSTRATED and do not know how to prepare for these examinations in a smart way.

We at Spartan Tutorials will help you prepare for these examinations in a focused, smart approach. Our faculty have succeeded in these examinations and discovered what works and what doesn’t. We offer you complete study material to prepare for these examinations, along with regular tests, and mock exams to make sure you are absolutely ready for these examinations.

With this promise, we welcome you to Spartan Tutorials, and wish you all the very best for your success.

The Spartan Tutorials Team.

Mr. Rahul Mehta

Life Sciences
Professional Qualifications

M.Sc(Microbiology)
B.Sc(Biotechnology)

About

He had been a faculty member at DAV University, Jalandhar, since July 2018. Here, he taught courses on Microbial Genetics, Medical Microbiology, Virology, Industrial Microbiology. He has also guided students for M.Sc. dissertation.

Achievements
  • CSIR-NET(LS), All India Rank 21
  • GATE, All India Rank 143
  • JRF-BARC
  • JRF-IISc

Mr. Rahul Mehta has a broad-based education and experience in microbiology and molecular biology. He obtained his B.Sc. degree in Biotechnology from DAV College, Jalandhar in first division (75% marks).

He obtained his M.Sc. in Microbiology from Central Research Institute, Kasauli, HPU, Shimla. He has studied animal models (guinea pigs) for Diphtheria toxin studies during his Master's degree. Subsequently, Mr. Mehta performed research at Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, and at Protein Crystallography Section, SSPD, Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Mumbai, India.

He has considerable experience in biochemical and molecular biology techniques such as protein purification, characterization, protein crystallization and binding studies for drug discovery. He is well versed with RNA studies including Protein-Nucleic acid interaction for conducting experiments on regulation of gene expression.

Awards and Competitive Examination
  • Merit Scholar (Matriculation, 2004 and Senior Secondary School Examination, 2006)
  • Dr. Hira Lal Memorial Gold Medal for Merit Position in Secondary School Examination, DAV College, Jalandhar, 2007
  • NCBS/TIFR-GS examination,2010, for integrated PhD
  • NBRC entrance examination,2011 for integrated PhD
  • BARC-OCES-Entrance for JRFship-2013
  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)-Biotechnology, 2014, All India Rank-143
  • GATE-Life Sciences-2019- All India Rank-550
  • GATE-Life Sciences-2020- All India Rank-389
Research Grants
  • Research grant, 2020 (DAV University, Jalandhar)
  • DAE Fellowship for JRF, 2013
  • CSIR-National Eligibility Test (NET) for Lecturership, 2014, All India Rank-21
  • MHRD Fellowship for JRF, 2015
Expertise

Mr. Mehta is well-versed with many of the cutting-edge techniques used in life sciences, including:

  • Recombinant Protein purification in S. cerevisiae
  • Western blotting
  • CD-spectroscopy
  • PCR
  • in-vitro transcription
  • EMSA (RNA & Protein)
  • Radioisotopic studies
  • Protein and Nucleic acid Biochemistry
  • In-vivo and in-vitro pull down experiments
  • Ribosome profiling
  • Recombinant Protein purification in E. coli
  • HPLC - High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
  • Affinity Chromatography
  • Size-Exclusion Chromatography
  • Ion-exchange Chromatography
  • DLS - Dynamic Light Scattering
  • ITC - Isothermal Titration Calorimetry
  • Protein-ligand interaction studies
  • Fluorescence polarization
  • Protein Crystallization

Mr. Rahul Mehta has a broad-based education and experience in microbiology and molecular biology. He obtained his B.Sc. degree in Biotechnology from DAV College, Jalandhar in first division (75% marks).

He obtained his M.Sc. in Microbiology from Central Research Institute, Kasauli, HPU, Shimla. He has studied animal models (guinea pigs) for Diphtheria toxin studies during his Master's degree. Subsequently, Mr. Mehta performed research at Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, and at Protein Crystallography Section, SSPD, Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Mumbai, India.

He has considerable experience in biochemical and molecular biology techniques such as protein purification, characterization, protein crystallization and binding studies for drug discovery. He is well versed with RNA studies including Protein-Nucleic acid interaction for conducting experiments on regulation of gene expression.

Awards and Competitive Examination
  • Merit Scholar (Matriculation, 2004 and Senior Secondary School Examination, 2006)
  • Dr. Hira Lal Memorial Gold Medal for Merit Position in Secondary School Examination, DAV College, Jalandhar, 2007
  • NCBS/TIFR-GS examination,2010, for integrated PhD
  • NBRC entrance examination,2011 for integrated PhD
  • BARC-OCES-Entrance for JRFship-2013
  • Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)-Biotechnology, 2014, All India Rank-143
  • GATE-Life Sciences-2019- All India Rank-550
  • GATE-Life Sciences-2020- All India Rank-389
Research Grants
  • Research grant, 2020 (DAV University, Jalandhar)
  • DAE Fellowship for JRF, 2013
  • CSIR-National Eligibility Test (NET) for Lecturership, 2014, All India Rank-21
  • MHRD Fellowship for JRF, 2015
Expertise

Mr. Mehta is well-versed with many of the cutting-edge techniques used in life sciences, including:

  • Recombinant Protein purification in S. cerevisiae
  • Western blotting
  • CD-spectroscopy
  • PCR
  • in-vitro transcription
  • EMSA (RNA & Protein)
  • Radioisotopic studies
  • Protein and Nucleic acid Biochemistry
  • In-vivo and in-vitro pull down experiments
  • Ribosome profiling
  • Recombinant Protein purification in E. coli
  • HPLC - High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
  • Affinity Chromatography
  • Size-Exclusion Chromatography
  • Ion-exchange Chromatography
  • DLS - Dynamic Light Scattering
  • ITC - Isothermal Titration Calorimetry
  • Protein-ligand interaction studies
  • Fluorescence polarization
  • Protein Crystallization

Dr. Rupinder Sayal

Life Sciences
Professional Qualifications

Ph.D(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)
M.Sc(Biotechnology)

About

He obtained his Ph.D. in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology from Michigan State University, USA under the guidance of Prof. David Arnosti, where he worked on mathematical modeling of regulation of gene expression by enhancer DNA sequences in Drosophila melanogaster.

Achievements
  • CSIR-NET Qualified (Top 20%)

Dr. Sayal has had considerable experience of both teaching and research at undergraduate and post-graduate levels. His focus area of interest is gene expression. He obtained his Master’s degree in Biotechnology from Thapar Institute, Patiala. For his Master’s thesis, he worked on molecular cloning and characterization of Granule-Bound Starch Synthase (GBSS) gene promoters from Potato cultivars under the guidance of Prof. Niranjan Das.

Publications
  • Sayal R., Dresch J.M., Pushel, I, Taylor B.R., and Arnosti D.N. (2016) Quantitative perturbation-based analysis of gene expression predicts enhancer activity in early Drosophila embryo. Elife. 2016 May 6; 5. pii: e08445.
  • Bansal, A., Kumari, V., Taneja, D., Sayal, R., and Das, N. (2012). Molecular cloning and characterization of granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI) alleles from potato and sequence analysis for detection of cis-regulatory motifs. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 109, 247-261.
  • Sayal, R., Ryu, S. M., and Arnosti, D. N. (2011). Optimization of reporter gene architecture for quantitative measurements of gene expression in the Drosophila embryo. Fly (Austin), 5(1), 47-52.
  • Fakhouri, W. D., Ay, A., Sayal, R., Dresch, J., Dayringer, E., and Arnosti, D. N. (2010). Deciphering a transcriptional regulatory code: modeling short-range repression in the Drosophila embryo. Mol Syst Biol, 6, 341.
Awards and Competitive Examination
  • CSIR-NET (June 2005). Declared among Top 20% in Life Sciences.
  • IISc Ph.D. Entrance Examination, 2005.
  • Graduate Record Examination (GRE) - 2005.
Expertise

Dr. Sayal is well-versed with many cutting-edge techniques in life sciences, including:

  • Molecular Cloning
  • EMSA - Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
  • DNaseI Footprinting assay
  • SDS-PAGE
  • Western Blot
  • In situ Hybridization
  • In vitro transcription
  • Confocal Microscopy
  • Mathematical Modeling

Dr. Sayal has had considerable experience of both teaching and research at undergraduate and post-graduate levels. His focus area of interest is gene expression. He obtained his Master’s degree in Biotechnology from Thapar Institute, Patiala. For his Master’s thesis, he worked on molecular cloning and characterization of Granule-Bound Starch Synthase (GBSS) gene promoters from Potato cultivars under the guidance of Prof. Niranjan Das.

Publications
  • Sayal R., Dresch J.M., Pushel, I, Taylor B.R., and Arnosti D.N. (2016) Quantitative perturbation-based analysis of gene expression predicts enhancer activity in early Drosophila embryo. Elife. 2016 May 6; 5. pii: e08445.
  • Bansal, A., Kumari, V., Taneja, D., Sayal, R., and Das, N. (2012). Molecular cloning and characterization of granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI) alleles from potato and sequence analysis for detection of cis-regulatory motifs. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 109, 247-261.
  • Sayal, R., Ryu, S. M., and Arnosti, D. N. (2011). Optimization of reporter gene architecture for quantitative measurements of gene expression in the Drosophila embryo. Fly (Austin), 5(1), 47-52.
  • Fakhouri, W. D., Ay, A., Sayal, R., Dresch, J., Dayringer, E., and Arnosti, D. N. (2010). Deciphering a transcriptional regulatory code: modeling short-range repression in the Drosophila embryo. Mol Syst Biol, 6, 341.
Awards and Competitive Examination
  • CSIR-NET (June 2005). Declared among Top 20% in Life Sciences.
  • IISc Ph.D. Entrance Examination, 2005.
  • Graduate Record Examination (GRE) - 2005.
Expertise

Dr. Sayal is well-versed with many cutting-edge techniques in life sciences, including:

  • Molecular Cloning
  • EMSA - Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
  • DNaseI Footprinting assay
  • SDS-PAGE
  • Western Blot
  • In situ Hybridization
  • In vitro transcription
  • Confocal Microscopy
  • Mathematical Modeling

JNU-EE for M.Sc. (Life Sciences)

The M. Sc. course lays emphasis on research and offers students the choice of a research career. Students of M.Sc. Life Sciences program are encouraged to rejoin SLS through due admission procedure to pursue their doctoral studies, or seek admission in other institutions in India/abroad. This program offers an in-depth theoretical as well as practical knowledge in all areas of Life Sciences. Students from both Physical Sciences as well as Biological Sciences backgrounds may join this program. Students have to take both core courses and optional courses spread over four semesters, and practical courses in the first two semesters. During the final two semesters, students also have to carry out a research project on a specific topic under the supervision of a faculty member in a laboratory and submit a dissertation for evaluation by a committee of experts followed by open oral presentation defending the project. Students also have to present a seminar and submit a term paper on a current topic in life sciences. Detailed information regarding the course structure can be obtained from the website (www.jnu.ac.in/sls)

Entrance Exam and syllabus:

The pattern of JNUEE 2020-21 will be based on Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) through Computer Based Test (CBT)

  1. Candidates will be tested in their basic knowledge in the core subjects of Life/ Biological Sciences.
  2. The test would contain subject-specific questions encompassing different branches of Life/Biological Sciences taught at the under graduate level in various UGC affiliated colleges /institutions in the country.
  3. There is no specific syllabus designed for the test, but the candidates are advised to follow the UGC approved syllabus in their respective subjects.

The exam is generally held in the month of MAY annually and forms are out in the month of Feb/March.

Description of BARC OCES (Source - http://www.barc.gov.in/careers/ )

OCES is the flagship program of the BARC Training Schools for Engineering Graduates and Science Postgraduates.

TRAINING OBJECTIVES

The Training Program aims to ensure that the Trainee Scientific Officers (TSOs) are provided with the necessary facilities and opportunities to acquire knowledge and develop skills in R&D pertaining to Nuclear Science & Technology. The course comprises of foundation, core, advanced and elective courses, mini- projects etc. in several disciplines.

The course work consisting of classroom lectures, practical training and project work, is organized into three trimesters and is completed in one year commencing on 1st August every year. Evaluation on a continuous basis is carried out by way of examinations and assignments.

The OCES program is recognized for the award of Post-Graduate Diploma and as course work for the award of M.Tech./M.Phil./Ph.D. degree of the Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), an aided institution of the Department of Atomic Energy and a Deemed to be University under Section 3 of the UGC Act.

More than 9000 officers have graduated from the BARC Training Schools since their inception.

Training Schools

The OCES Programs are conducted at BARC Training Schools at the locations listed below

  1. BARC Training School at Mumbai
    • Engineering, Design, Development, Operation and Maintenance of Nuclear Reactors.
    • Research in frontier areas of Basic and Engineering Sciences
  2. BARC Training School at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam
    • R&D and Engineering related to Fast Breeder Reactors
    • Research in frontier areas of Basic and Engineering Sciences
  3. BARC Training School at Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology(RRCAT), Indore
    • R&D and Engineering related to lasers, accelerators, plasma physics, cryogenics and superconductivity
  4. BARC Training School at Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad
    • Operation & Maintenance and Engineering related to Nuclear Fuel Facilities and production plants for production of heavy water to support the Nuclear Power Program.
  5. Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD), Hyderabad
    • Exploration Techniques for Uranium and other Atomic Minerals and related R&D activities.

SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION AND PLACEMENT

A TSO who scores a minimum of 50% aggregate marks on completion of the OCES Program is declared to have passed the course successfully. Successful TSOs will be posted as Scientific Officer ‘C’ in one of the DAE units.

Posting of a successful OCES TSO to a DAE unit is done on the basis of the requirements of DAE and the TSOs merit, at the end of the OCES program. A small number of successful TSOs may also be posted in the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB).

Selection Process

Selection to OCES/DGFS is a two-step process: screening to short-list potential candidates followed by interview of the short-listed candidates.

Except for Radiological Safety Engineering (RSE), each listed discipline follows an independent selection process. RSE is available only as an additional option to applicants for Physics and Chemistry disciplines.

Screening for the Engineering disciplines is based on two alternative methods :

  1. GATE Score: For Cut-off GATE Score visit Homi Bhabha National Institute Website
  2. Written Test: A written test is conducted in each of the seven Engineering disciplines (Mechanical, Chemical, Metallurgical, Electrical, Electronics, Computer and Instrumentation Engineering) except Civil Engineering for short- listing candidates for interview. Candidates who do not opt for GATE or who do not qualify on the basis of GATE Score may take the Written Test. Travel Allowance is not paid for appearing in it. The written test is held in around the month of April or May every year.

Screening for the Science disciplines (Physics, Chemistry, Biosciences, Geology and Geophysics) is based on two alternative methods:

  1. Written Test: It is conducted in each of the five Science disciplines (Physics, Chemistry, Biosciences, Geology and Geophysics) for short-listing candidates for interview. Travel Allowance is not paid for appearing in the written test.The written test is held in around the month of, February every year.
  2. GATE Score: In this case, merit list in each of the Science disciplines is prepared on the basis of valid GATE Score of the applicants. Cut-off GATE score and Written test marks for short-listing candidates for interview in each discipline are decided after the last date of receipt of applications.

A candidate applying for Science disciplines can opt to (i) appear for the written test, or (ii) apply on the basis of valid GATE Score, or (iii) appear for written test and also apply for selection on the basis of valid GATE Score .

Selection Interviews of short-listed candidates are conducted in any of the BARC Training Schools. Outstation applicants are paid to & fro train fare by sleeper class. Selection interviews are held during May to July every year.

Final Selection is solely on the basis of performance in interview subject to medical fitness.

This selection process is also used for selecting candidates for research based academic programmes of HBNI and for Diploma in Radiological Physics programme of HBNI. Eligibility criteria and associated details will be made available in the advertisements of respective programmes which are released separately.

  • Remove CSIR achievements.
  • Remove Address for Now. Just have Contacts.
  • Make 1 page about details of our coaching classes and features.

M.Sc. Entrance Examination Coaching

  • Classes are held 3 days a week
  • 2 hours duration
  • Complete coverage of syllabus
  • Classes offered online on Zoom/Google Meet
  • Flexible timings, Recorded lectures available
  • Extensive doubt-clearing sessions
  • Regular tests
  • Multiple Mock Examinations

JRF Entrance Examinations Coaching

  • Classes are held 3 days a week
  • 3 hours duration
  • Complete coverage of syllabus
  • Classes offered online on Zoom/Google Meet
  • Flexible timings, Recorded lectures available
  • Extensive doubt-clearing sessions
  • Regular tests
  • Multiple Mock Examinations

Some Frequently Asked Questions Regarding CSIR-NET Examination

Q. What is CSIR?

CSIR stands for Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. CSIR was established by the Government of India in September 1942 as an autonomous body that has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India .

As of 2013, it runs 38 laboratories/institutes, 39 outreach centers, 3 Innovation Centers and 5 units throughout the nation, with a collective staff of over 14,000, including a total of 3987 scientists and 6454 technical and support personnel. Although it is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860. (Source - Wikipedia)

Q. What is the examination pattern of CSIR-NET? When is it conducted?

Mode of Examination - Online.

he Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has entrusted the responsibility of conducting CSIR-UGC NET in CBT mode to NTA.

More details about examination can be found at :

Examination Pattern - CSIR-UGC (NET) Exam for Award of Junior Research Fellowship and Eligibility for Lecturership shall be a Single Paper Test having Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). The question paper is divided in three parts:

Part 'A'

This part shall carry 20 questions pertaining to General Science, Quantitative Reasoning & Analysis and Research Aptitude. The candidates shall be required to answer any 15 questions. Each question shall be of two marks. The total marks allocated to this section shall be 30 out of 200.

Part 'B'

This part shall contain 50 Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) generally covering the topics given in the syllabus. A candidate shall be required to answer any 35 questions. Each question shall be of two marks. The total marks allocated to this section shall be 70 out of 200.

Part 'C'

This part shall contain 75 questions that are designed to test a candidate's knowledge of scientific concepts and/or application of the scientific concepts. The questions shall be of analytical nature where a candidate is expected to apply the scientific knowledge to arrive at the solution to the given scientific problem. A candidate shall be required to answer any 25 questions. Each question shall be of four marks. The total marks allocated to this section shall be 100 out of 200.

There will be negative marking @25% for each wrong answer.

Dates of Examination - The examination is conducted twice a year, in the months of June and December.

Q. What is the syllabus of CSIR-NET Examination?

Link for Complete Syllabus of CSIR-NET Examination -
https://csirhrdg.res.in/SiteContent/ManagedContent/ContentFiles/20181113115146713mcs_ls_sylbs.pdf

Q. What are the CSIR laboratories where students can pursue their Ph.D. in life sciences after qualifying CSIR-NET?

The following are some of the CSIR Laboratories carrying out research in life sciences.

  • CSIR-Centre for Cellular Molecular Biology(CSIR-CCMB), Hyderabad
  • CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute(CSIR-CDRI), Lucknow
  • CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute(CSIR-CFTRI), Mysore
  • CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal Aromatic Plants(CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow
  • CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology(CSIR-IGIB), Delhi
  • CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology(CSIR-IHBT), Palampur
  • CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology(CSIR-IICB), Kolkata
  • CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine(CSIR-IIIM), UT of J&K
  • CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research(CSIR-IITR), Lucknow
  • CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology(CSIR-IMTECH), Chandigarh
  • CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute(CSIR-NBRI), Lucknow
  • CSIR-National Institute For Interdisciplinary Science and Technology(CSIR-NIIST),Thiruvananthapuram
  • CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory(CSIR-NML), Jamshedpur

(Modified from list at - https://www.csir.res.in/csir-labs)

Q. What are some achievements of CSIR in the field of scientific and industrial research?

  • Developed India's first synthetic drug, methaqualone in 1950.
  • Developed first Indian tractor Swaraj in 1967 completely based on indigenous know-how.
  • Achieved the first breakthrough of flowering of Bamboo within weeks as against twenty years in nature.
  • First to analyse genetic diversity of the indigenous Andamanese tribes and to establish their origin out of Africa 60,000 years ago.
  • Developed the first transgenic Drosophila model for drug screening for cancer in humans.
  • Invented, once a week non-steroidal family planning pill Saheli and non-steroidal herbal pill for asthma called Asmon.
  • Designed India's first ever parallel processing computer, Flosolver.
  • Rejuvenated India's one-hundred-year-old refinery at Digboi using the most modern molecular distillation technology.
  • With TCS, developed a versatile portable PC-based software 'Bio-Suite' for bioinformatics.
  • Design of 14 seater plane 'SARAS'.
  • Established first ever in the world 'Traditional Knowledge Digital Library' accessible in five international languages, English, German, French, Japanese and Spanish.
  • Successfully challenged the grant of patent in the US for use of haldi (turmeric) for wound healing and neem as insecticide.
  • In 2009, completed the sequencing of the Human Genome.
  • In 2011, successfully tested India's 1st indigenous civilian aircraft, NAL NM5 made in association with National Aerospace Laboratories and Mahindra Aerospace.

Indicate the sources - Wikipedia, also copyright for CSIR logo belongs to CSIR.

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of various undergraduate subjects in engineering and science. GATE is conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science and seven Indian Institutes of Technologies at Roorkee, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Chennai (Madras) and Mumbai (Bombay) on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD), Government of India. The GATE score of a candidate reflects the relative performance level of a candidate. The score is used for admissions to various post-graduate education programs (e.g. Master of Engineering, Master of Technology, Master of Architecture, Doctor of Philosophy) in Indian higher education institutes, with financial assistance provided by MHRD and other government agencies. Recently, GATE scores are also being used by several Indian public sector undertakings for recruiting graduate engineers in entry-level positions. It is one of the most competitive examinations in India. GATE is also recognized by various institutes outside India, such as Nanyang Technological University in Singapore.

Eligibility

The following students are eligible to take GATE:

  • Bachelor's degree holders in Engineering / Technology / Architecture (4 years after 10+2/ Post-B.Sc./ Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Master's degree holders in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs.
  • Candidates in the second or higher year of Four-year integrated master's degree programs (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering / Technology.
  • Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year integrated master's degree programs or Dual Degree programs in Engineering / Technology.
  • Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UGC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by IE(India), AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers (India)-ICE(I), AMIETE By IETE(India)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech.

Those who have completed section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

There is no age limit criterion defied by the exam conducting authority to appear in GATE.

Duration and examination type

The examination is of 3 hours duration, and contains a total of 65 questions worth a maximum of 100 marks. From 2014 onwards, the examination for all the papers is carried out in an online Computer Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates are shown the questions in a random sequence on a computer screen. The questions consist of both Multiple Choice Questions or MCQs (four answer options out of which the correct one has to be chosen) and Numerical Answer Type questions or NATs (answer is a real number, to be entered via an on-screen keypad and computer mouse). Candidates are provided with scribble pads for rough work and these have to be returned after the examination. At the end of the 3-hour window, the computer automatically closes the screen from further actions.

Syllabus (Applicable for Life Sciences Students):

  • Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.
  • Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.
  • Technical Ability: Students have to answer questions in Chemistry (Compulsory) and answer questions from any 2 of the 5 sections - Biochemistry, Botany, Microbiology, Zoology, and Food Technology.

Questions and marking scheme

The examination will consist of totally 65 questions, segregated as One-mark and Two-mark questions. Out of 65 questions, 10 questions will be from General Aptitude (Verbal and Numerical ability) and 55 questions will be Technical, based on the Paper chosen. The General Aptitude section will have 5 One-mark questions and 5 Two-mark questions, accounting for about 15% of total marks. The Technical section and Engineering Mathematics section will combinedly have 25 One-mark questions and 30 Two-mark questions, accounting for about 85% of total marks. Further, all the sections will have both Multiple Choice Questions or MCQs and Numerical Answer Type questions or NATs. The examination awards negative marks for wrong MCQ answers. Usually, 1/3rd of original marks will be deducted for wrong MCQ answers (i.e. -0.33 for wrong One-mark answers and -0.66 for wrong Two-mark answers) while there is no negative marks for NATs.